收藏丨煤矿井下综合防尘12条军规,很详细,值得借鉴

   

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1、矿井建立完(wan)善(shan)综合防尘系统,东轨道(dao)大巷(xiang)(xiang)、胶带大巷(xiang)(xiang)、总回风(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)、采(cai)煤(mei)工作(zuo)面(mian)的进风(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)与回风(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)、掘进巷(xiang)(xiang)道(dao)、煤(mei)仓放煤(mei)口、溜(liu)煤(mei)眼放煤(mei)口、卸载点等都必(bi)须设(she)置(zhi)防尘供水管(guan)路(lu)(lu)。皮带运(yun)输机(ji)巷(xiang)(xiang)防尘管(guan)路(lu)(lu)每隔50m安(an)设(she)一个三通阀(fa)门,总回风(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)、轨道(dao)运(yun)输巷(xiang)(xiang)每隔100m安(an)设(she)一个三通阀(fa)门,管(guan)路(lu)(lu)不得出现跑(pao)、冒、滴、漏,阀(fa)门开(kai)关(guan)灵活。

2、规范管(guan)理,明确责任(ren)。对防尘供水管(guan)路的三通阀(fa)门(men)进(jin)行(xing)编号管(guan)理,每个巷道配备(bei)不少于(yu)50m长的洒(sa)水软管(guan),便于(yu)巷道冲尘。

3、综采工作面安装(zhuang)使用智能(neng)架(jia)间喷雾除尘系(xi)统。

4、井(jing)下所有运煤转(zhuan)载(zai)点(dian)(dian)都必(bi)须安装(zhuang)洒水降尘(chen)装(zhuang)置(zhi),每(mei)个(ge)(ge)运煤转(zhuan)载(zai)点(dian)(dian)洒水降尘(chen)装(zhuang)置(zhi)的(de)喷头(tou)数不(bu)得少(shao)于2个(ge)(ge),悬(xuan)挂在转(zhuan)载(zai)点(dian)(dian)的(de)前上部600mm处,迎风流方向45°,喷雾(wu)直接对准(zhun)落煤点(dian)(dian),挂牌管理,责任人为转(zhuan)载(zai)点(dian)(dian)运输机司(si)机,做到(dao)煤干(gan)洒水,煤湿不(bu)洒水。  

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5、矿井(jing)主要(yao)进风(feng)(feng)大巷(xiang)及回风(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)、采煤工作面(mian)(mian)进回风(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)、掘进工作面(mian)(mian)的迎头、喷浆机回风(feng)(feng)流下方5m范围内都必须安装风(feng)(feng)流净化(hua)水幕,责任(ren)单(dan)位(wei)(wei)为该地(di)段(duan)的管辖单(dan)位(wei)(wei)。

6、采(cai)(cai)(cai)掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)头面(mian)(mian)(mian)风(feng)(feng)(feng)流(liu)(liu)净化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)安(an)装位置要(yao)求。(1)采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)风(feng)(feng)(feng)流(liu)(liu)净化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)的(de)具体位置:A、采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)进(jin)(jin)风(feng)(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)内(nei)设置两(liang)(liang)道(dao)(dao)(dao)全(quan)断(duan)(duan)(duan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu),第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)在(zai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)进(jin)(jin)风(feng)(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)口(kou)向里10~15m范(fan)(fan)围(wei)(wei)内(nei);第(di)(di)二(er)(er)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)在(zai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)进(jin)(jin)风(feng)(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)安(an)全(quan)出口(kou)以外(wai)30m范(fan)(fan)围(wei)(wei)内(nei)。B、采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)回(hui)(hui)风(feng)(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)内(nei)至少设置三(san)道(dao)(dao)(dao)全(quan)断(duan)(duan)(duan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu),第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)在(zai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)回(hui)(hui)风(feng)(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)安(an)全(quan)出口(kou)以外(wai)30m范(fan)(fan)围(wei)(wei)内(nei);第(di)(di)二(er)(er)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)与第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)间距(ju)(ju)不得(de)大于20m;第(di)(di)三(san)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)在(zai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)回(hui)(hui)风(feng)(feng)(feng)巷(xiang)(xiang)口(kou)下风(feng)(feng)(feng)侧(ce)(ce)10~15m范(fan)(fan)围(wei)(wei)内(nei)。(2)掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)风(feng)(feng)(feng)流(liu)(liu)净化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)的(de)具体位置:A、掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)刚开(kai)口(kou)时在(zai)开(kai)口(kou)位置的(de)下风(feng)(feng)(feng)侧(ce)(ce)10~15m范(fan)(fan)围(wei)(wei)内(nei)设置一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)全(quan)断(duan)(duan)(duan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)风(feng)(feng)(feng)流(liu)(liu)净化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)。B、掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)长度超(chao)过(guo)(guo)(guo)50m不超(chao)过(guo)(guo)(guo)80m时,应(ying)在(zai)掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)巷(xiang)(xiang)道(dao)(dao)(dao)内(nei)设置一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)全(quan)断(duan)(duan)(duan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)风(feng)(feng)(feng)流(liu)(liu)净化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu),水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)距(ju)(ju)迎头距(ju)(ju)离(li)(li)不得(de)超(chao)过(guo)(guo)(guo)50m;掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)工作面(mian)(mian)(mian)掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)长度超(chao)过(guo)(guo)(guo)80m时,应(ying)在(zai)该掘(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)进(jin)(jin)巷(xiang)(xiang)道(dao)(dao)(dao)内(nei)增加(jia)两(liang)(liang)道(dao)(dao)(dao)全(quan)断(duan)(duan)(duan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)风(feng)(feng)(feng)流(liu)(liu)净化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu),第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)距(ju)(ju)迎头距(ju)(ju)离(li)(li)不得(de)超(chao)过(guo)(guo)(guo)50m,第(di)(di)二(er)(er)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)与第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)间距(ju)(ju)不得(de)大于20m,且第(di)(di)三(san)道(dao)(dao)(dao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)在(zai)巷(xiang)(xiang)道(dao)(dao)(dao)回(hui)(hui)风(feng)(feng)(feng)口(kou)10~15m范(fan)(fan)围(wei)(wei)内(nei)。

7、风流(liu)净化水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)安装要(yao)求:(1)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)实行挂牌管理,责任到人;(2)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)雾化后应(ying)封闭巷道(dao)全断面,且雾化效果好;(3)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)开(kai)关(guan)阀门布(bu)置(zhi)(zhi)在(zai)行人侧便于开(kai)关(guan)的位(wei)置(zhi)(zhi),高度(du)适宜;(4)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)开(kai)关(guan)阀门灵(ling)敏可(ke)靠,不(bu)漏(lou)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(滴水(shui)(shui)(shui)不(bu)成线);(5)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)要(yao)固定在(zai)顶板上,不(bu)得(de)来回(hui)摆动;(6)水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu)安装位(wei)置(zhi)(zhi)距(ju)巷道(dao)顶板距(ju)离不(bu)得(de)超过100毫米(mi)(可(ke)以根据巷道(dao)的实际形状(zhuang)加工相应(ying)的水(shui)(shui)(shui)幕(mu)(mu))。

8、风(feng)(feng)流净(jing)化水(shui)幕(mu)的(de)(de)使用(yong)要求:采面(mian)拉架、打眼(yan)(湿式打眼(yan)除(chu)外)、割煤(mei)(mei)、出(chu)(chu)煤(mei)(mei)期(qi)间(jian)必(bi)须(xu)(xu)打开(kai)采面(mian)回风(feng)(feng)巷内(nei)的(de)(de)所(suo)有(you)全断面(mian)风(feng)(feng)流净(jing)化水(shui)幕(mu)投(tou)入使用(yong);掘进(jin)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)放炮、打眼(yan)(湿式打眼(yan)除(chu)外)、割煤(mei)(mei)、扒渣(zha)(zha)、出(chu)(chu)渣(zha)(zha)期(qi)间(jian)必(bi)须(xu)(xu)打开(kai)该掘进(jin)巷道(dao)内(nei)的(de)(de)所(suo)有(you)全断面(mian)风(feng)(feng)流净(jing)化水(shui)幕(mu)投(tou)入使用(yong);回采工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)回风(feng)(feng)巷第三(san)道(dao)水(shui)幕(mu)和掘进(jin)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)开(kai)口位(wei)置下风(feng)(feng)侧10~15m范围(wei)内(nei)的(de)(de)水(shui)幕(mu)在该采掘工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)出(chu)(chu)干煤(mei)(mei)(渣(zha)(zha))时正常打开(kai)使用(yong)。

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9、洒水设施开(kai)(kai)(kai)关(guan)(guan)要安装在有(you)固(gu)定(或相对固(gu)定)人员作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)地点附近,便于操作(zuo)(zuo)。采(cai)面回风巷第(di)一(yi)、二道全断(duan)面风流净化水幕有(you)机(ji)(ji)巷溜子司(si)机(ji)(ji)负(fu)责(ze)开(kai)(kai)(kai)关(guan)(guan)(放(fang)炮作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)时(shi)有(you)放(fang)炮员负(fu)责(ze)开(kai)(kai)(kai)关(guan)(guan));采(cai)面回风巷第(di)三道全断(duan)面风流净化水幕有(you)机(ji)(ji)巷一(yi)部皮带(dai)司(si)机(ji)(ji)负(fu)责(ze)开(kai)(kai)(kai)关(guan)(guan)。掘进工作(zuo)(zuo)面风流净化水幕有(you)耙渣机(ji)(ji)或掘进机(ji)(ji)司(si)机(ji)(ji)负(fu)责(ze)开(kai)(kai)(kai)关(guan)(guan)(放(fang)炮作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)时(shi)有(you)放(fang)炮员负(fu)责(ze)开(kai)(kai)(kai)关(guan)(guan))。

10、割煤机、掘(jue)进机上必须有内(nei)外(wai)喷(pen)雾(wu)装置(zhi)(zhi),外(wai)喷(pen)雾(wu)装置(zhi)(zhi)不(bu)少(shao)于3个喷(pen)头,雾(wu)化能覆盖滚筒。

11、坚持定(ding)期冲尘(chen)(chen)(chen)和(he)清扫粉尘(chen)(chen)(chen),不得出现(xian)(xian)(xian)煤(mei)尘(chen)(chen)(chen)堆积。矿(kuang)井总进风(feng)巷、采区(qu)进回风(feng)巷每(mei)月冲扫一次(ci)(ci);采面(mian)风(feng)机巷和(he)开拓(tuo)掘进巷道(dao)每(mei)10天冲洗一次(ci)(ci),每(mei)次(ci)(ci)冲尘(chen)(chen)(chen)时,冲尘(chen)(chen)(chen)单位要(yao)填写巷道(dao)冲尘(chen)(chen)(chen)记(ji)录(lu),并(bing)妥善保存备查。采面(mian)及距采面(mian)50m机风(feng)巷范围(wei)内、掘进工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)迎头向后50m范围(wei)内必须班班冲尘(chen)(chen)(chen)(每(mei)班要(yao)指定(ding)专人负责,便于(yu)(yu)考(kao)核)。对于(yu)(yu)产尘(chen)(chen)(chen)量较大的作(zuo)业地点(dian),要(yao)缩(suo)短冲尘(chen)(chen)(chen)周(zhou)期,保证不出现(xian)(xian)(xian)煤(mei)尘(chen)(chen)(chen)堆积现(xian)(xian)(xian)象。

12、井下所岩巷(xiang)工(gong)作面(mian)都必(bi)(bi)须使用湿(shi)式(shi)打眼(yan);炮(pao)采和(he)炮(pao)掘工(gong)作面(mian)必(bi)(bi)须执行放炮(pao)使用水(shui)炮(pao)泥、放炮(pao)前后洒水(shui)和(he)冲洗巷(xiang)帮制度,同时加强开采作业产尘地点个(ge)体防(fang)(fang)护措(cuo)施,采煤机司机、综掘机司机、移架工(gong)、打眼(yan)工(gong)(湿(shi)式(shi)打眼(yan)时除(chu)外)、喷浆工(gong)作业时必(bi)(bi)须佩戴防(fang)(fang)尘口罩。